1.-Neurorobots that destroy tumors
Nanorobotics has long been profiling as one of the most efficient technologies when it comes to working on a small-scale scale. And that is precisely what a group of Harvard researchers do that, in the mid-2014, they managed to develop a ‘ squadron ‘ of Nanorrobots in the service of health technology.
This massive army consists of nanoporphyrins, tiny particles that are able to travel through the human body in search of tumour cells and, once located, inject the drugs that can destroy them.
With this technology, the use and benefit is twofold: on the one hand, the Nanoporphyrin is able to detect these cells and perform the carcinogenic diagnosis; On the other, when injecting the medication, they apply the treatment determined to eliminate the disease.
2.-The chemotherapy against tumor cells
Chemotherapy is the most common treatment to try to end cancer. However, the aggressiveness of the treatment brings with it the dreaded side effects: dizziness, vomiting, general malaise and a series of ailments hardly bearable.
And it is that the chemo acts on the tumor cells, yes, but also much of the healthy ones, so that the negative consequences for the human body (although minimal compared with the positive ones) are more than evident.
That is why it is very interesting the technology that a group of Canadian scientists announced just a few weeks ago. It is a nanoparticle that, according to the researchers, is able to ‘ select ‘ better the tumour cells, so that the chemotherapy can be carried out only on these cells and thus avoiding a large part of the side effects.
This therapy, however, is still in an initial stage of experimentation and development. It has not yet been exported to hospitals or to widespread real cases.
3.-Detection of cancer in a drop of blood
This technology was led from the Institute of Photonic Sciences in Castelldefels, Barcelona. It was there that a team of international researchers was coordinated who developed a nanochip of gold particles that is helping to detect cancer.
To this end, researchers barely have enough of a drop of patient blood. Once analyzed, they just need a few minutes to perform the detection and diagnosis of the disease.
But its advantage goes further, as this nanochip is able to detect cancer in a very precocious way, when it has still affected very few cells, something that nowadays they get very few systems around the world. In this way, the time factor plays in favor of the fight against the extension of the tumors.
In addition, the technology has a fairly low cost and is easily portable, which is expected to be taken to hospitals and oncology centers that can not normally access this type of tools.
4.-New breast cancer system
As explained before, one of the biggest problems facing cancer patients is not only treatment, but their tumors have been discovered in too advanced stages.
Against this problem fight Oncovisión, a Valencian company that a few years ago developed Mammi, a system that also detects early cancer, in this case the breast, thanks to its high definition molecular images.
And is that, while most machines detect tumors in the breast when they have a minimum size of one centimeter, Mammi manages to locate them from the millimeter and a half.
This technology, always according to the company itself, has a 98.5% efficacy in the detection of these tumours and is already applied in clinics in several cities of the world.
5.-The scanner that emits half the radiation
One of the worst consequences of the detection and treatment of cancer is the high level of radiation to which the patient is exposed, so that much of the current technologies also fight, to the extent of their possibilities, to mitigate this effect.
And that’s precisely what has gotten a system launched by Philips at the end of 2013. According to its developers, its technology manages to perform a cancer treatment emitting half the radiations that most systems, with the consequent advantage for the patient.