For a long time back, agriculture, the art of cultivating the earth — as defined by the RAE — has ceased to be a purely artisanal task to become one of the world’s major economic activities. Thanks to the new technologies it is possible to develop a high precision and quality agriculture.
It consists of the application of technological advances in agricultural activities. has evolved through several phases or stages, ranging from the earliest civilizations — which were inventing such simple agricultural implements as beast-drawn ploughs — to the robots and drones employed today in improving agricultural production, with less environmental and social impact.
Seeders and tractors with GPS
GPS technology with the self-guided system allows a precise movement in the field to be cultivated at any time of the day, with great efficiency in the treatment with insecticides, and in adverse weather conditions. Higher speed, accuracy, safety and less working time are some of the advantages.
High-precision agriculture Software
The software developed for agriculture allows a thorough study of the land to be sown. The data obtained are incorporated into the tractor or seeder so that they can carry out a precise and high-yielding sowing, taking into account the density of the crop, depth and characteristics of the terrain.
Technology in the collection
There are machines capable of identifying different types of grapes and depositing them in differentiated containers. In addition, this same technology used in the harvesters allows to carry out phytosanitary controls, pruning and fertilizing.
Drones and robots for agriculture
Both the conventional improvement of seeds and biotechnology employ very sophisticated machinery, which allows the selection of the best seeds by molecular markers, according to the characteristics sought (higher yield, resistance, among others).
The drones are equipped with cameras and sensors, and they fly autonomously controlled by GPS, but without the need of operator. Its use in agriculture makes it possible to increase the production of crops without causing damage, to keep track of the crop, to improve the water consumption and to manage the pests thanks to the incorporated chambers. Compared to satellite images, agricultural drones are much cheaper and offer higher resolution, with a low-altitude point of view from 0 to 120 m.
Irrigation system by Telemetry
Telemetry is an automated technique that allows to collect and analyze data that are generated remotely. Through this modern technology could optimize the use of water destined to agricultural activity, calculate irrigation times and distribute efficiently the water resource.