Scientometry is a type of scale or a study that allows the quantification of the contributions that a science offers to establish it as an economic activity or a discipline in an individual; this analysis is part of sociological thinking and is responsible for defining the application of a particular science in a person’s daily life, evaluating if it is very useful or a waste of time. Like any quantification method, scientiometry evaluates the functionality of the science under analysis by means of different scales, as well as investigates the development of the investigative policies applied by different countries and the organizations that practice it, this is used both for the social sciences and the natural ones.
Scientometry has an equal that is in charge of the analysis of the sciences, known as “bibliometrics”, these are applied in various scientific fields such as social sciences and the information industry. The most common topics of study in scientometrics are: development of disciplines governed by a specific science, the relationship between science and technology, creativity of researchers to determine the subject, the relationship between scientific and economic fields and growth of this science.
In other words, the scientometry is on par with the bibliometric tools that allow to identify the existent information of the scientific and technological qualities of the analyzed subject; in this way it is identified to this scale as the one that deals with recognizing the products studied science seen from a socioeconomic point.