the notion of technicature is used in Argentina to refer to an academic degree linked to technical studies. It is tertiary (higher), but not university.
In the Argentine educational system, primary education and secondary education are compulsory. Once the secondary education is completed, the person can continue his education with tertiary or university studies. Tertiary studies involve three years of study, while university students are more extensive. Bachelor degrees, for example, belong to the university.
In the case of the technicaturas, they allow to train professionals in technical areas. The subject who completes a study of this type, therefore, becomes a technician. Sometimes the technicatura is an intermediate title that can be obtained in the frame of the degree course: at three years the student becomes a technician and then, if he continues the career, he can become a licensee.
It can be said, on a general level, that technicatures provide the specific theoretical and practical knowledge needed to perform a particular professional activity. Their curricula, in this way, are limited to a specific field, being less encompassing than the degrees.
The technicature, in this way, provides the training and habilitation necessary to develop certain labor activities. Among the professionals who completed technicatures we can mention the Technicians in Safety and Hygiene, Technicians in Electronics, Technicians in Laboratories, Technicians in Food Technology, Technicians in Bromatological Control, Technicians in Computing and Technicians in Chemistry and Pharmacy, among others.
In Spain, for example, there is the concept of diplomacy, which may be equivalent to that of technicature in this case. A university career that aims at obtaining a bachelor’s degree is divided into two cycles, of three and two years respectively; students must complete both to become graduates. Some examples of careers of this type are Philosophy, Biology and Law.
Technique As explained above for the technicatura, when a person finishes the first three years of a university career he obtains a diploma, with which he can already obtain certain jobs; here enter professions such as Physiotherapy, Nursing and the Magisterium. In short, the course of the second cycle is not compulsory or necessary for all, but is left to each student’s choice. As an additional fact, it should be mentioned that in Spain there are also certain degrees that only require to pass the second cycle, provided that the individual has completed a course of university studies.
While the technique may seem like a “half-formed” formation for certain people, this view is too harsh and inaccurate; regardless of legal and administrative issues, it is not a lesser degree if it meets what the student is looking for and if he allows him to touch the doors he wants. After all, no tertiary or university training gives us everything we need to develop as professionals, but a starting point, a foundation on which we must build without rest until the last day.
Let’s look at a specific example of two similar titles that are often compared by students, looking for the “best” or the “most complete”. This is System Analyst and Senior Technician in Computer Systems. The first one is obtained after the first three years of Bachelor’s or Systems Engineering, two careers that are also subjected to crude comparisons very often. The technicatura has the same duration, but it is not compatible with either of the two mentioned races, except in some private faculties, where they validate several of their subjects.
Although the differences are many, the fundamental point is that the title of Analyst is obtained halfway to a suitable training for a future engineer, so that the knowledge is oriented towards the resolution of the typical problems of that kind of professional ; the technician, on the other hand, is a closed race, that in those three years gives to its students all the tools to work in a series of complementary positions to those of an engineer, but not in the same ones.